A Phase IIb, Randomized, Multi-Center, Multinational, Prospective, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study, With an Open Label Extension, to Evaluate Safety, Tolerability and Efficacy of PrimeC in Subjects With ALS

Study Purpose:

69 subjects with ALS will be enrolled in the study and randomized at a 2:1 ratio to receive the study drug or placebo tablets. Randomization sequences will be in random block sizes and stratified for ENCALS risk category [high risk ≥ -4.5 vs. low risk < -4.5], and for background ALS treatment (riluzole and/or edaravone and/or sodium phenylbutyrate and/or taurursodiol) vs. no background ALS treatment.

All subjects will be administered the drug/placebo twice daily (BID), two tablets each time, for 6 months. Subjects will be allowed to receive standard of care (SOC) treatment of approved products (i.e., riluzole and edaravone). Additionally, subjects will be allowed to receive treatment with off-label sodium phenylbutyrate and taurursodiol, which are accepted for ALS treatment.

Subjects will be evaluated every 2 months for safety, tolerability (adverse events, safety laboratory, vital signs, ECG, withdrawal rates and reasons) and efficacy (e.g. biomarkers, clinical outcomes (ALSFRS-R and SVC, quality of life and survival).

All subjects who complete the 6 months dosing will be switched to the active arm for a 12-month open label extension (OLE).

Study Status:



Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis , ALS

Study Type:


Type of Intervention:


Intervention Name:

PrimeC, Placebo




Phase 2

Study Chair(s)/Principal Investigator(s):


Clinicaltrials.gov ID:


Neals Affiliated?


Coordinating Center Contact Information

Ferenc Tracik / email hidden; JavaScript is required / +49 1577 7721200

Study Sponsor:

NeuroSense Therapeutics Ltd.

Estimated Enrollment:


Estimated Study Start Date:

05 / 31 / 2022

Estimated Study Completion Date:

10 / 01 / 2023

Posting Last Modified Date:

02 / 08 / 2023

Date Study Added to neals.org:

05 / 03 / 2022

Minimum Age:

18 Years

Maximum Age:

75 Years

Can participants use Riluzole?


Inclusion Criteria:

1. Able to comprehend and willing to sign an informed consent form (ICF)

2. Males or females between the ages of 18 and 75 years of age, inclusive

3. Diagnosis of familial or sporadic ALS (defined as meeting the laboratory-supported probable, probable, or definite criteria for a diagnosis of ALS according to the Gold Coast criteria)

4. Disease duration after first symptom (muscle weakness) less than 30 months prior to screening

5. Pre-enrollment ALSFRS-R slope from disease onset ≥ 0.3 points per month

6. ALSFRS-R at screening ≥ 25

7. Item 3 (swallowing) in ALSFRS-R ≥ 3

8. Subjects may be treated in parallel with riluzole and/or edaravone and/or sodium phenylbutyrate and/or taurursodiol; 60 days of stable use prior to enrollment is required

9. Upright slow vital capacity (SVC) ≥ 60% of predicted for age, height, weight and sex at screening according to the GLI-2012

10. 18 < BMI < 30

11. A caregiver (if one is needed)

12. Female subjects must be post-menopausal (≥ 1 year) OR sterilized, OR if of childbearing potential (i.e., females who have had their first period unless they are anatomically or physiologically incapable to become pregnant), must have a negative pregnancy test, and agree to use contraceptive drugs or devices (e.g., diaphragm plus spermicide, or oral contraceptives) for the duration of the study and 10 weeks after the last treatment dose AND require male partners to use a condom during sexual intercourse

Exclusion Criteria:

1. A past history of adverse reaction/hypersensitivity to either NSAIDs, celecoxib or fluoroquinolones, ciprofloxacin

2. Any known clinically significant abnormal gastric mucosal erosion, ulcer or tumor or/and GI disorder and/or bariatric surgery

3. Known history of clinically significant impairment of renal function (creatinine ≥ 1.5)

4. Known or suspected symptomatic congestive heart and/or coronary heart disease, previous history of myocardial infarction, uncontrolled arterial hypertension, or rhythm abnormalities requiring permanent treatment

5. Known history of QT/QTc prolongation, Torsade de pointes (TdP) (e.g. heart failure, hypokalemia, family history of Long QT syndrome) and the use of concomitant medications that prolong the QT/QTc interval

6. Known or suspected diagnosis or family history of epilepsy in first degree relatives

7. Known predisposition to tendinitis

8. Known or suspected to be a poor CYP2C9 metabolizers who also uses pharmacologic agents (prescription or over-the-counter) or herbal products known or suspected to induce or inhibit CYP2C9 within 30 days before enrollment

9. Tracheostomy or percutaneous gastrostomy use

10. Presence at screening of any medically significant cardiac, pulmonary, musculoskeletal, or psychiatric illness that might interfere with the subject's ability to comply with study procedures or that might confound the interpretation of clinical safety data, including, but not limited to:

1. Mean systolic blood pressure >160 mm Hg and/or mean diastolic blood pressure >100 mm Hg (measurements taken after a few minutes rest) that persist on 3 successive measurements taken at least 2 minutes apart

2. NYHA Class II or greater congestive heart failure

3. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or asthma requiring daily use of bronchodilator medications

4. Poorly controlled or brittle diabetes mellitus

5. Cognitive impairment, related to ALS or otherwise, sufficient to impair subject's ability to understand and/or comply with study procedures and provide informed consent

11. Subject who is treated with chronic aspirin or NSAIDs and is at risk if stopped. Clopidogrel is allowed and can replace Aspirin.

12. Any contraindication for ciprofloxacin and celecoxib according to the current prescribing information.

13. Female who is pregnant or breastfeeding or with intention of becoming pregnant during the course of the study.

14. Any impairment or social circumstance that, in the opinion of the Investigator, would render the subject not suitable to participate in the study.

15. Subject, or subject's legal guardian(s) is/are unable to understand the nature, scope, and possible consequences of the study.

16. Subject is participating in (or plans to participate in) any other investigational drug trial, or plans to be exposed to any other investigational agent, device and/or procedure, from 30 days prior to Screening through study completion.

Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center | Recruiting

Yonit Rosen-Krauss / email hidden; JavaScript is required

Tel Aviv