Phase 1 Dose Escalation Study of Bosutinib in Patients With Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)

Study Purpose:

This is a phase 1, open-label, multicenter, dose escalation study to evaluate the safety and tolerability of bosutinib to determine the maximum tolerated dose(MTD) and a recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of bosutinib for treatment of ALS patients. Also, efficacy will be evaluated exploratory.

Study Status:



Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

Study Type:


Type of Intervention:


Intervention Name:





Phase 1

Study Chair(s)/Principal Investigator(s):

Haruhisa Inoue, Kyoto University ID:


Neals Affiliated?


Coordinating Center Contact Information

Haruhisa Inoue / email hidden; JavaScript is required / 0753667360

Full Study Summary:

The study consists of a 12-week observation period, a 1-week (acceptable window: 5-9 days) transitional period, a 12-week study treatment period, and a 4-week follow-up period. Subjects who have been receiving riluzole since before the enrollment are allowed to continuously receive riluzole during the 12-week observation period (with the dosage remaining unchanged), and stop receiving riluzole from the beginning of the 1-week (acceptable window: 5-9 days) transitional period. After the completion of the transitional period, subjects whose total ALSFRS-R score decreased by 1 to 3 points during the 12-week observation period will receive bosutinib for 12 weeks to evaluate the safety and tolerability of bosutinib in ALS patients. All ALS drugs including riluzole will be prohibited during the bosutinib treatment period.

In this study, 3 to 6 ALS patients will be enrolled in each of the 4 bosutinib dose lelvels [100 mg/day (dose level 1), 200 mg/day (dose level 2), 300 mg/day (dose level 3), or 400mg/day (dose level 4)] to evaluate the safety and tolerability of the investigational drug (bosutinib) under a 3+3 dose escalation study design. The dose will be escalated by 1 dose level at a time; no skipping will be allowed.

Dose escalation and MTD will be determined by the safety assessment committee comprising oncologist, hematologist, ALS Expert based on the incidence of DLT in 4 weeks of treatment among 3 subjects enrolled (6 subjects if additionaly enrolled) in each dose level. RP2D will be determined by the safety assessment committee upon completion of 12-week study treatment in all subjects in all dose levels.

Study Sponsor:

Kyoto University

Estimated Enrollment:


Estimated Study Start Date:

03 / 19 / 2019

Estimated Study Completion Date:

03 / 31 / 2022

Posting Last Modified Date:

02 / 09 / 2021

Date Study Added to

02 / 09 / 2021

Minimum Age:

20 Years

Maximum Age:

79 Years

Inclusion criteria:

1. Evidence of a personally signed and dated informed consent document indicating that the patient has been informed of all pertinent aspects of the study. To be additionaly signed by a delegate signer if the subject is unable to handwrite.

2. Patients aged ≥20 years and <80 years at the time of informed consent

3. Patients with positive already-reported SOD1 gene mutation and progressive muscle weakness; sporadic ALS patients who are categorized as either "Definite ALS" or "Probable ALS" or "Probable-laboratory supported ALS" in the Updated Awaji Criteria for the diagnosis of ALS

4. Patients at Grade 1 or 2 in the Japan ALS Severity Scale of the grant-in-aid program for chronic diseases from the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare; patients with positive SOD1 mutation of Grade 1, 2 or 3

5. Patients with ALS that occurred within 2 years at the time of the first registration; patients with positive SOD1 mutation within 5 years after disease onset

6. Patients who can visit hospital regularly as outpatients

7. Patients with change in total ALSFRS-R score during the observation period are -1 to -3 points

8. Urine pregnancy test (for females of childbearing potential) negative at screening

Female patients of nonchildbearing potential must meet at least 1 of the following criteria:

1. Achieved postmenopausal status, defined as follows: cessation of regular menses for at least 12 consecutive months with no alternative pathological or physiological cause; status may be confirmed with a serum follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) level confirming the postmenopausal state;

2. Have undergone a documented hysterectomy and/or bilateral oophorectomy;

3. Have medically confirmed ovarian failure. All other female patients (including female patients with tubal ligations) are considered to be of childbearing potential.

Male and female patients of childbearing potential must agree to use one highly effective method of contraception as outlined in this protocol, throughout the study and for at least 28 days after the last dose of investigational product.

9. Patients with appropriate renal function as defined as follows at the time of the first and second registrations

a. Serum creatinine ≤1.5 × upper limit of normal (ULN) or estimated creatinine clearance ≥60 mL/min as calculated using the method standard for the institution.

10. Patients with appropriate hepatic function as defined as follows at the time of the first and second registrations b. Total serum bilirubin ≤1.5 × ULN unless the patient has documented Gilbert syndrome; c. AST and ALT ≤2.5 × ULN

11. Able to take oral tablets

12. Patients whose acute effect of previous treatment has recovered to the baseline or CTCAE v.4.03 ≤ Grade 1 at the time of the first and second registrations

13. Willing and able to comply with scheduled visits, treatment plan, laboratory tests, and other study procedures

Exclusion criteria:

1. Patients with tracheostomy

2. Patients who have used non-invasive ventilation due to ALS symptoms

3. Patients whose %FVCs are less than 70% at the time of first and second registrations

4. Patients who have nerve conduction study findings of demyelination such as conduction block

5. Patients who are taking edaravone; patients who started riluzole or edaravone after start of the observation period; patients who changed the dosage of riluzole after start of the observation period

6. Patients with bulbar type ALS with dysphagia and dysarthria

7. Patients with cognitive impairment

8. Pregnant female patients; breastfeeding female patients; fertile male and female patients of childbearing potential who are unwilling or unable to use 1 highly effective methods of contraception as outlined in this protocol for the duration of the study and for at least 28 days after the last dose of investigational product

9. History of clinically significant or uncontrolled cardiac disease including:

- History of, or active, congestive heart failure;

- Uncontrolled angina or hypertension within 3 months prior to registration;

- Myocardial infarction within 12 months prior to registration;

- Clinically significant ventricular arrhythmia (such as ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation, or Torsades de pointes);

- Diagnosed or suspected congenital or acquired prolonged QT interval history or prolonged QTc (QTcF should not exceed 500 msec);

- Unexplained syncope

10. Uncontrolled hypomagnesemia or uncorrected hypokalemia due to potential effects on the QT interval

11. Patient who is taking the following medicines during study drugs administration.

a Combination of warfarin or other anticoagulation. Combination of therapeutic anticoagulant therapy with low molecular weight heparin is acceptable b Src or c-Abl inhibitors c Other treatments for cancer d Drugs known to prolong the QT interval or predispose to Torsades de Pointe e Current or anticipated use of a strong or moderate CYP3A inhibitor and inducer f Drugs affecting gastric pH such as Proton pump inhibitors (e.g., lansoprazole)

12. History of malignancy within 5 years prior to registration with the exception of basal cell carcinoma or cervical carcinoma in situ or Stage 1 or 2 cancer that is considered adequately treated and currently in complete remission for at least 12 months

13. Patients who were enrolled in other clinical study within 12 weeks before the first registration, or are expected to be enrolled in other clinical study using a study drug during this study

14. Known prior or suspected severe hypersensitivity to study drugs or any component in their formulations

15. Patients with active, uncontrolled bacterial, fungal, or viral infection, including hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) related illness

16. Recent or ongoing clinically significant GI disorder (eg, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, or prior total or partial gastrectomy).

17. Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

18. Major surgery or radiotherapy within 14 days prior to registration at the time of the first registration

19. Patient who fulfills the conditions:

1. Neutrophil count (ANC) <1,500/mm3 or white blood cell <3,000/mm3 at the time of the first and second registration

2. Hemoglobin <9.0 g/dL at the time of the first and second registrations

3. Platelet count <100,000/L at the time of the first and second registrations

20. Other acute or chronic medical or psychiatric condition including recent (within the past year) or active suicidal ideation or behavior or laboratory abnormality that may increase the risk associated with study participation or investigational product administration or may interfere with the interpretation of study results and, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the participant inappropriate for entry into this study

21. Investigator site staff members directly involved in the conduct of the study and their family members, site staff members otherwise supervised by the investigator, or Pfizer employees, including their family members, directly involved in the conduct of the study

Kyoto University | Recruiting

Haruhisa Inoue


Kitasato University | Recruiting

Makiko Nagai


Tokushima university | Recruiting

Yuishin Izumi


Tottori University | Recruiting

Yasuhiro Watanabe