A Phase 3, Randomized Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Multicenter Study to Evaluate Efficacy and Safety of Repeated Administration of NurOwn® (Autologous Mesenchymal Stem Cells Secreting Neurotrophic Factors) in Participants With ALS

Study Purpose:

This study will evaluate the safety and efficacy of repeated administration of NurOwn® (MSC-NTF cells) therapy, which is based on transplantation of autologous bone marrow derived mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC), which are enriched from the patient's own bone marrow, propagated ex vivo and induced to secrete Neurotrophic factors (NTFs).

The autologous NurOwn® (MSC-NTF cells) are back-transplanted into the patient intrathecally by standard lumbar puncture where neurons and glial cells are expected to take up the neurotrophic factors secreted by the transplanted cells

Study Status:

Not recruiting


Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)

Study Type:


Type of Intervention:

Biological, N/A

Intervention Name:

NurOwn® (MSC-NTF cells), Placebo, Bone Marrow aspiration




Phase 3

Study Chair(s)/Principal Investigator(s):

Merit E. Cudkowicz, MD, Massachusetts General Hospital, Robert H. Brown, MD, PhD, UMass Medical School, Anthony J. Windebank, MD, Mayo Clinic, Namita A. Goyal, MD, UC Irvine, Robert G. Miller, MD, California Pacific Medical Center (CPM) Research Institute, Robert Baloh, MD, Ph.D., Cedars-Sinai Medical Center

Clinicaltrials.gov ID:


Neals Affiliated?


Coordinating Center Contact Information


Full Study Summary:

Neurotrophic factors (NTFs) are potent survival factors for embryonic, neonatal, and adult neurons and are considered potential therapeutic candidates for ALS. Delivery of multiple NTFs to the immediate environment of afflicted neurons in ALS patients is expected to improve their survival and thus slow down disease progression and alleviate symptoms. NTF-secreting mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC-NTF cells) are a novel cell-therapeutic approach aimed at effectively delivering NTFs directly to the site of damage in ALS patients.

Participants meeting the inclusion and exclusion criteria will be randomized and will undergo bone-marrow aspiration. MSC of the participants randomized to the treatment group will be induced into MSC-NTF cells. Participants will undergo a total of three intrathecal (IT) transplantations with NurOwn® (MSC-NTF cells) or matching placebo at three bi-monthly intervals

Study Sponsor:

Brainstorm-Cell Therapeutics

Estimated Enrollment:


Estimated Study Start Date:

08 / 28 / 2017

Estimated Study Completion Date:

10 / 30 / 2020

Posting Last Modified Date:

10 / 06 / 2021

Date Study Added to neals.org:

09 / 12 / 2017

Minimum Age:

18 Years

Maximum Age:

60 Years

Can participants use Riluzole?


Inclusion Criteria:

- ALS diagnosed as possible, laboratory-supported probable, probable, or definite as defined by revised El Escorial criteria.

- Having onset of ALS disease symptoms, including limb weakness within 24 months at the Screening Visit.

- ALSFRS-R ≥ 25 at the screening Visit.

- Upright slow vital capacity (SVC) measure ≥ 65% of predicted for gender, height, and age at the screening Visit.

- Rapid progressors

- Participants taking a stable dose of Riluzole are permitted in the study

- Citizen or permanent resident of the United States or Canadian citizen able to travel to a US site for all follow-up study visits

Exclusion Criteria:

- Prior stem cell therapy of any kind

- History of autoimmune or other serious disease (including malignancy and immune deficiency) that may confound study results

- Current use of immunosuppressant medication or anticoagulants (per Investigator discretion)

- Exposure to any other experimental agent or participation in an ALS clinical trial within 30 days prior to Screening Visit

- Use of RADICAVA (edaravone injection) within 30 days of screening or intent to use edaravone at any time during the course of the study including the follow up period

- Use of non-invasive ventilation (BIPAP), diaphragm pacing system or invasive ventilation (tracheostomy)

- Feeding tube

- Pregnant women or women currently breastfeeding

University of California Irvine Alpha Stem Cell Clinic

Irvine, California 92697
United States

Cedars-Sinai Medical Center

Los Angeles, California 90048
United States

California Pacific Medical Center

San Francisco, California 94115
United States

Massachusetts General Hospital

Boston, Massachusetts 02115
United States

University of Massachusetts Medical School

Worcester, Massachusetts 01655
United States

Mayo Clinic

Rochester, Minnesota 55905
United States