Quantitative Ultrasonography and Electrical Impedance Myography: Speech and Swallowing Technologies for Use in Neurological Disorders

Study Purpose:

This study is evaluating the use of two painless, non-invasive technologies in the assessment of muscle health over time in both healthy volunteers and patients who have diseases that affect the nervous system.

Study Status:



Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) , Myasthenia Gravis , Myopathies , Stroke , Parkinson's Disease

Study Type:


Type of Intervention:


Intervention Name:






Study Chair(s)/Principal Investigator(s):

Seward Rutkove, MD, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Clinicaltrials.gov ID:


Neals Affiliated?


Coordinating Center Contact Information

Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Soleil Samaan, BA / email hidden; JavaScript is required / (617)-667-3086

Boston, Massachusetts, 02215 United States

Full Study Summary:

Speech and swallowing abnormalities are important symptoms associated with disorders of the central nervous system, motor neuron disease (such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis), myasthenia gravis, and primary muscle conditions. In addition to characterizing the evolution in muscle architecture that could underlie associated orofacial weakness, identifying new ways to measure these abnormalities is critical to the development and testing of novel treatment approaches. As painless, non-invasive, portable technologies, quantitative ultrasonography (QUS) and electrical impedance myography (EIM) could meet the need for objective measures of speech and swallowing dysfunction.

In QUS, acoustic energy is applied to a muscle of interest; the resultant pictorial data are translated into a single value that reflects the health of the imaged muscle. Similarly, in EIM, a high-frequency, low-intensity alternating electrical current is applied to individual muscles, and the resulting voltages measured. Impedance values reflect changes in muscle architecture, including fiber atrophy, inflammation, and the replacement of muscle with fat or connective tissue. Both of these user-friendly methods can provide sensitive indicators of neuromuscular disease status when applied to the limbs. Although they have also been used to evaluate orofacial muscles in healthy volunteers and patients with primary muscle disorders, they have not yet been systematically studied in patients with a range of neurological conditions.

When applied to muscles of the face and tongue, such tools could 1. Improve accuracy of early diagnosis; 2. Allow monitoring of speech and swallowing dysfunction over time; 3. Help individualize care; and 4. Serve as biomarkers in clinical trials. We propose that QUS and EIM will provide convenient, reliable, clinically meaningful surrogate markers of orofacial dysfunction in a variety of neurologic conditions.

Study Sponsor:

Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Estimated Enrollment:


Estimated Study Start Date:

10 / 01 / 2013

Estimated Study Completion Date:

12 / 31 / 2026

Posting Last Modified Date:

04 / 11 / 2023

Date Study Added to neals.org:

04 / 21 / 2014

Minimum Age:

20 Years

Maximum Age:

90 Years

Inclusion Criteria:

- Established, or clinically probable, neurologic diagnosis with at least the potential for associated bulbar dysfunction

- Age 20-90 years

Exclusion Criteria:

- History or presence of a medical condition that substantially impacts bulbar function

- Age under 20 or over 90 years

Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center | Recruiting

Principal Investigator : Seward B Rutkove, MD

Boston, Massachusetts 02215
United States

Sub-Investigator : Courtney E McIlduff, MD